Information for the Year 1952
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- George VI of England dies; his daughter becomes Elizabeth II (Feb. 6).
- NATO conference approves European army (Feb.).
- King Farouk of Egypt is ousted by a military coup (July 23). General Mohammed Naguib assumes power.
- Britain announces its development of atomic weapons (Oct.).
- Greece and Turkey join NATO.
- Population: 2.635 billion
- Nobel Peace Prize: Albert Schweitzer (French Equatorial Africa)
- US explodes first thermonuclear bomb at Enewetak Island (Nov. 1).
- President-elect Dwight Eisenhower follows through with his campaign promise to visit Korea (Dec. 2).
- 56 million watch Richard Nixon's "Checker's speech" on TV.
- President: Harry S Truman
- Vice President: Alben W. Barkley
- Population: 157,552,740
- Life expectancy: 68.6 years
- US GDP (1998 dollars): $358.6 billion
- Federal spending: $67.69 billion
- Federal debt: $259.1 billion
- Median Household Income(current dollars): Income Information Not Available Before 1953
- Consumer Price Index: 26.5
- Unemployment: 3.3%
- Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
- Super Bowl The first Super Bowl was not played until the year 1967.
- World Series of Baseball NY Yankees defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers
- National Basketball Association Championship Minneapolis Lakers defeated New York
- National Hockey League Stanley Cup Detroit Red Wings defeated Montreal Canadians
- Women Wimbledon Tennis Maureen Connolly defeated L. Brough (7-5 6-3)
- Men Wimbledon Tennis Frank Sedgman defeated J. Drobny (4-6 6-2 6-3 6-2)
- Kentucky Derby Horse Race Champion Hill Gail
- National College Athletic Association Basketball Championship Kansas defeated St. John's (SCORE 80-63)
- National College Athletic Association Football Champions Michigan St(RECORD 9-0-0) AND Georgia Tech (RECORD 12-0-0)
- 1952 Summer Olympics Held in Helsinki Finland
- 1952 Winter Olympics Held in Oslo Norway
- Jose Quintero's revival of Tennessee Williams's Summer and Smoke premieres at Broadway's Circle in the Square Theatre and is the first major Off-Broadway success.
- Television's first magazine-format program, the Today Show, debuts on NBC with Dave Garroway hosting.
- The Jackie Gleason Show (The Honeymooners) debuts on CBS, beginning a two-decade run.
- Merce Cunningham forms his own dance company.
- Academy Award, Best Picture: An American in Paris
- Grammy Award - Record of the Year The first Grammy Awards were not until 1959
- Emmy Award - Best Television Comedy Best Television Comedy Award Not Given Before 1953
- Miss America: Coleen Kay Hutchins (Utah)
- G.W.A. Dummer (England) proposes the theoretical basis for the integrated circuit.
- Jonas E. Salk (US) develops the first experimentally safe dead-virus polio vaccine.
- The first plastic artificial heart valve is developed at Georgetown Medical Center.
- First jetliner service inaugurated by BOAC between London and Johannesburg, South Africa (May 2).
- Capt. Vincent H. McGovern and 1st Lt. Harold W. Moore make first transatlantic helicopter flight (July 15–31).
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