Information for the Year 1953

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  • Joseph Stalin dies (March 5). Georgi Malenkov becomes Soviet Premier; Lavrenti Beria, Minister of Interior; Vyacheslav Molotov, Foreign Minister (March 6).
  • East Berliners rise against Communist rule; quelled by tanks (June 17).
  • Korean armistice signed (July 27).
  • Moscow announces explosion of hydrogen bomb (Aug. 20).
  • Tito becomes president of Yugoslavia.
  • Population:  2.681 billion
  • Nobel Peace Prize:  George C. Marshall (US)
  • Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower inaugurated President of United States (Jan. 20).
  • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg executed in Sing Sing prison (June 19).
  • Alleged Communist Charlie Chaplin leaves U.S. for good. Justice Dept. warns him any attempt to reenter the country will be challenged.
  • President:  Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Vice President:  Richard M. Nixon
  • Population:   160,184,192
  • Life expectancy:  68.8 years
  • US GDP (1998 dollars):  $379.7 billion
  • Federal spending:   $76.10 billion
  • Federal debt:  $266.0 billion
  • Median Household Income(current dollars):  $4,242
  • Consumer Price Index:  26.7
  • Unemployment:  3.0%
  • Cost of a first-class stamp:  $0.03
  • Super Bowl  The first Super Bowl was not played until the year 1967.
  • World Series of Baseball  NY Yankees defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers
  • National Basketball Association Championship  Minneapolis Lakers defeated New York
  • National Hockey League Stanley Cup  Montreal Canadians defeated Boston Bruins
  • Women Wimbledon Tennis  Maureen Connolly defeated D. Hart (8-6 7-5)
  • Men Wimbledon Tennis   Vic Seixas defeated K. Nielsen (9-7 6-3 6-4)
  • Kentucky Derby Horse Race Champion   Dark Star
  • National College Athletic Association Basketball Championship  Indiana defeated Kansas (SCORE 69-68)
  • National College Athletic Association Football Champions  Maryland (RECORD 10-1-0)
  • The first issue of TV Guide magazine hits the newsstands on April 3 in 10 cities with a circulation of 1,560,000.
  • To counteract the threat of television, Hollywood thinks big and develops wide-screen processes such as CinemaScope, first seen in The Robe.
  • Loretta Young abandons Hollywood for her stylish debut on the small screen.
  • Lucille Ball gives birth to Desi Arnaz, Jr. on same day the fictional Little Ricky is born on I Love Lucy.
  • Academy Award, Best Picture:  The Greatest Show on Earth
  • Grammy Award - Record of the Year  The first Grammy Awards were not until 1959
  • Emmy Award - Best Television Comedy  I Love Lucy - CBS
  • Miss America:  Neva Jane Langley (Georgia)
  • Rosalind Franklin (England), Francis Crick (England), and James Watson (US) discover the double-helical structure of DNA.
  • Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay of Nepal reach the top of Mt. Everest (May 29).
  • First successful open-heart surgery is performed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 

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