Information for the Year 1955
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- Nikolai A. Bulganin becomes Soviet premier, replacing Malenkov (Feb. 8).
- Churchill resigns (April 5); Anthony Eden succeeds him (April 6).
- Federal Republic of West Germany becomes a sovereign state (May 5).
- The Soviet Union and seven East European countries sign the Warsaw Pact, a mutual defense treaty (May 14).
- Argentina ousts dictator Juan Perón (Sept. 19).
- US starts sending $216 million in aid to Vietnam.
- The US, UK, USSR, and France meet at a summit in Geneva.
- Population: 2.780 billion
- Nobel Peace Prize: The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund for this year.
- President Eisenhower suffers coronary thrombosis in Denver (Sept. 24).
- Rosa Parks refuses to sit at the back of the bus, breaking Montgomery, Ala., segregated seating law (Dec. 1).
- Martin Luther King, Jr., leads 381-day black boycott of Montgomery bus system; desegregated service begins Dec. 21, 1956.
- AFL and CIO merge to become the AFL-CIO (Dec. 5).
- President: Dwight D. Eisenhower
- Vice President: Richard M. Nixon
- Population: 165,931,202
- Life expectancy: 69.6 years
- US GDP (1998 dollars): $415.1 billion
- Federal spending: $68.44 billion
- Federal debt: $274.4 billion
- Median Household Income(current dollars): $4,418
- Consumer Price Index: 26.8
- Unemployment: 5.5%
- Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
- Super Bowl The first Super Bowl was not played until the year 1967.
- World Series of Baseball Brooklyn Dodgers defeated New York Yankees.
- National Basketball Association Championship Syracuse defeated Ft. Wayne Pistons
- National Hockey League Stanley Cup Detroit Red Wings defeated the Montreal Canadians
- Women Wimbledon Tennis Louise Brough defeated B. Fleitz (7-5 8-6)
- Men Wimbledon Tennis Tony Trabert defeated K. Nielsen (6-3 7-5 6-1)
- Kentucky Derby Horse Race Champion Swaps
- National College Athletic Association Basketball Championship San Francisco defeated La Salle (SCORE 77-63)
- National College Athletic Association Football Champions Oklahoma (RECORD 11-0-0)
- Gunsmoke debuts on CBS, and will go on to be television's longest-running western.
- 70mm film is introduced with the movie Oklahoma!
- James Dean dies in a car accident at age 26.
- Academy Award, Best Picture: On the Waterfront
- Grammy Award - Record of the Year The first Grammy Awards were not until 1959
- Emmy Award - Best Television Comedy Make Room for Daddy - ABC
- Miss America: Lee Meriwether (California)
- Narinder Kapany (England) develops fiber optics.
- Severo Ochoa at NYU synthesizes DNA- and RNA-like molecules.
- The corticosteroid prednisone is developed.
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