Information for the Year 1957
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- Anthony Eden resigns (Jan. 9); MacMillan becomes British Prime Minister.
- Russia launches Sputnik I, first earth-orbiting satellite—the Space Age begins (Oct. 4).
- The USSR tests its first successful intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM).
- Population: 2.888 billion
- Nobel Peace Prize: Lester B. Pearson (Canada)
- Eisenhower Doctrine calls for aid to Mideast countries that resist armed aggression from Communist-controlled nations (Jan. 5).
- The "Little Rock Nine" integrate Arkansas high school. Eisenhower sends troops to quell mob and protect the students after Gov. Orval Faubus defies federal order (Sept. 24).
- President: Dwight D. Eisenhower
- Vice President: Richard M. Nixon
- Population: 171,984,130
- Life expectancy: 69.5 years
- US GDP (1998 dollars): $461 billion
- Federal spending: $76.58 billion
- Federal debt: $272.3 billion
- Median Household Income(current dollars): $4,966
- Consumer Price Index: 28.1
- Unemployment: 4.1%
- Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
- Super Bowl The first Super Bowl was not played until the year 1967.
- World Series of Baseball Milwaukee Braves defeated New York Yankees.
- National Basketball Association Championship Boston defeated The St. Louis Hawks
- National Hockey League Stanley Cup Montreal Canadians defeated Boston Bruins
- Women Wimbledon Tennis Althea Gibson defeated D. Hard (6-3 6-2)
- Men Wimbledon Tennis Lew Hoad defeated K. A. Cooper(6-2 6-1 6-2)
- Kentucky Derby Horse Race Champion Iron Liege
- National College Athletic Association Basketball Championship North Carolina defeated Kansas (SCORE 54-53 in Overtime)
- National College Athletic Association Football Champions Auburn(RECORD 10-0-0) and Ohio State (RECORD (9-1-0)
- Columbia University professor Charles Van Doren becomes a media sensation by winning $129,000 on the quiz show Twenty One.
- Leave It to Beaver premieres on CBS, ushering in an era of television shows that depict the ideal American.
- The first Emmy Awards show to be broadcast in color.
- Academy Award, Best Picture: Around the World in 80 Days
- Grammy Award - Record of the Year The first Grammy Awards were not until 1959
- Emmy Award - Best Television Comedy Best Television Comedy Award Not Given in 1957
- Miss America: Marian McKnight (South Carolina)
- Temporary artificial heart invented by Willem Kolff.
- Clarence W. Lillehie and Earl Bakk (US) invent the internal pacemaker.
- First round-the-world nonstop jet plane flight. Maj. Gen. Archie J. Old, Jr. (United States Air Force) led a flight of three Boeing B-52 bombers around the world in 45 hours, 19 minutes (completed Jan. 18).
All of the Information on this site is from Fact Monster