Information for the Year 1962
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- France transfers sovereignty to new republic of Algeria (July 3).
- Cuban Missile Crisis: USSR to build missile bases in Cuba; Kennedy orders Cuban blockade, lifts blockade after Russia backs down (Aug.-Nov.).
- Pope John XXIII opens Second Vatican Council (Oct. 11).
- Cuba releases 1,113 prisoners of 1961 invasion attempt (Dec. 24).
- Burundi, Jamaica, Western Samoa, Uganda, and Trinidad and Tobago become independent.
- Population: 3.136 billion
- Nobel Peace Prize: Linus Pauling (United States)
- John F. Kennedy defeats Richard Nixon in a closely-fought presidential race.
- Black sit-in at Greensboro, N.C., diner receives national attention.
- President: John F. Kennedy
- Vice President: Lyndon B. Johnson
- Population: 186,537,737
- Life expectancy: 70.1 years
- US GDP (1998 dollars): $585.2 billion
- Federal spending: $106.82 billion
- Federal debt: $302.9 billion
- Median Household Income(current dollars): $5,956
- Consumer Price Index: 30.2
- Unemployment: 6.7%
- Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.04
- Super Bowl The first Super Bowl was not played until the year 1967.
- World Series of Baseball New York Yankees defeated the San Francisco Giants
- National Basketball Association Championship Boston defeated LA Lakers
- National Hockey League Stanley Cup Toronto Maple Leafs defeated Chicago Red Wings
- Women Wimbledon Tennis Karen Susman defeated. defeated Sukova (6-4 6-4)
- Men Wimbledon Tennis Rod Laver defeated M. Mulligan (6-2 6-2 6-1)
- Kentucky Derby Horse Race Champion Decidedly
- National College Athletic Association Basketball Championship Cincinnati defeated Ohio St. (SCORE 71-59)
- National College Athletic Association Football Champions USC (RECORD 11-0-0)
- World Soccer Cup Brazil defeated Czechoslovakia
- The first transatlantic television transmission occurs via the Telstar Satellite, making worldwide television and cable networks a reality.
- Government regulations force studios out of the talent agency business.
- Johnny Carson takes over hosting duties of The Tonight Show.
- Academy Award, Best Picture: West Side Story
- Grammy Award - Record of the Year Moon River by Henry Mancini
- Emmy Award - Best Television Comedy The Bob Newhart Show - NBC
- Miss America: Maria Fletcher (North Carolina)
- Lt. Col. John H. Glenn, Jr., is first American to orbit Earth — three times in 4 hours 55 minutes (Feb. 20).
- Mariner II, the first interplanetary probe, reaches Venus.
- Unimation introduces the first industrial robot.
- The commercially sponsored Telstar communications satellite is launched.
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