Information for the Year 1963
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- France and West Germany sign treaty of cooperation ending four centuries of conflict (Jan. 22).
- Pope John XXIII dies (June 3), and is succeeded June 21 by Cardinal Montini, who becomes Paul VI.
- Washington-to-Moscow "hot line" communications link opens, designed to reduce risk of accidental war (Aug. 30).
- Kenya achieves independence.
- There are 15,000 US military advisers in South Vietnam.
- 32 independent African nations establish the Organization for African Unity.
- Population: 3.205 billion
- Nobel Peace Prize: Intl. Comm. of Red Cross; League of Red Cross Societies (both Geneva)
- Michael E. De Bakey implants artificial heart in human for first time at Houston hospital (April 21).
- US Supreme Court rules no locality may require recitation of Lord's Prayer or Bible verses in public schools (June 17).
- "March on Washington," civil rights rally held by 200,000 blacks and whites in Washington, D.C.; Martin Luther King delivers "I have a dream" speech (Aug. 28).
- President Kennedy shot and killed in Dallas, Tex. Lyndon B. Johnson becomes President same day (Nov. 22).
- Lee Harvey Oswald, accused Kennedy assassin, is shot and killed by Jack Ruby (Nov. 24).
- President: John F. Kennedy
- Vice President: Lyndon B. Johnson
- Population: 189,241,798
- Life expectancy: 69.9 years
- US GDP (1998 dollars): $617.4 billion
- Federal spending: $111.32 billion
- Federal debt: $310.3 billion
- Median Household Income(current dollars): $6,249
- Consumer Price Index: 30.6
- Unemployment: 5.5%
- Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.04 $0.05 as of 1/7/63)
- Super Bowl The first Super Bowl was not played until the year 1967.
- World Series of Baseball Los Angeles Dodgers defeat New York Yankees
- National Basketball Association Championship Boston defeated Los Angeles Lakers
- National Hockey League Stanley Cup Toronto Maple Leafs defeated Detriot Red Wings
- Women Wimbledon Tennis Margaret Smith defeated B.J. Moffitt (6-3 6-4)
- Men Wimbledon Tennis Chuck McKinley defeated F. Stolle (9-7 6-1 6-4)
- Kentucky Derby Horse Race Champion Chateaugay
- National College Athletic Association Basketball Championship Loyola-IL defeated Cincinnati (SCORE 60-58 in OverTime)
- National College Athletic Association Football Champions Texas (RECORD 11-0-0)
- Beatlemania hits the U.K. The Beatles, a British band composed of John Lennon, George Harrison, Ringo Starr and Paul McCartney, take Britain by storm.
- The Rolling Stones emerge as the anti-Beatles, with an aggressive, blues-derived style.
- The French Chef with Julia Child debuts on educational television.
- Academy Award, Best Picture: Lawrence of Arabia
- Grammy Award - Record of the Year I Left My Heart in San Francisco by Tony Bennett
- Emmy Award - Best Television Comedy The Dick Van Dyke Show - CBS
- Miss America: Jacquelyn Mayer (Ohio)
- The first liver transplant is performed by F.D. Moore and Thomas E. Starzl.
- The first commercial nuclear reactor goes online at the Jersey Central Power Company.
All of the Information on this site is from Fact Monster