Information for the Year 1986

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  • Spain and Portugal join European Economic Community (Jan. 1).
  • President Reagan freezes Libyan assets in US (Jan. 8). US planes attack Libyan "terrorist centers" (April 14).
  • PLO Haitian President Jean-Claude Duvalier flees to France (Feb. 7).
  • President Ferdinand Marcos flees Philippines after ruling for 20 years; newly elected Corazon Aquino succeeds him (Feb. 26).
  • Union Carbide agrees to settlement with victims of Bhopal gas leak in India (March 22).
  • Major nuclear accident at Soviet Union's Chernobyl power station alarms world (April 26).
  • Ex-Navy analyst, Jonathan Jay Pollard, 31, guilty as spy for Israel (June 4).
  • World Court rules US broke international law in mining Nicaraguan waters (June 27).
  • Population:   4.932 billion
  • Nobel Peace Prize:  Elie Wiesel (United States)
  • US Supreme Court bars racial bias in trial jury selection (Jan. 14).
  • Space shuttle Challenger explodes after launch at Cape Canaveral, Fla., killing all seven aboard (Jan. 28).
  • Senate Judiciary Committee approves William H. Rehnquist as Chief Justice of US Supreme Court(Aug. 14).
  • UHouse votes arms appropriations bill rejecting Administration's "star wars" policy (Aug. 15).
  • Secret initiative to send arms to Iran revealed (Nov. 6 et seq.); Reagan denies exchanging arms for hostages and halts arms sales (Nov. 19); diversion of funds from arms sales to Nicaraguan Contras revealed (Nov. 25).
  • President:  Ronald W. Reagan
  • Vice President:  George Bush
  • Population:  240,132,887
  • Life expectancy:  74.7 years
  • US GDP (1998 dollars):   $4,422.20 billion
  • Federal spending:   $990.34 billion
  • Federal debt:   $2120.6 billion
  • Median Household Income(current dollars): $24,897
  • Consumer Price Index:   109.6
  • Unemployment:   7.0%
  • Cost of a first-class stamp:   $0.22
  • Super Bowl  Chicago Bears defeated New England Patriots(SCORE 46-10)
  • World Series of Baseball  New York Mets defeat Boston Red Sox
  • National Basketball Association Championship  Boston defeated Houston
  • National Hockey League Stanley Cup  Montreal Canadiens defeated Calgary Flames
  • Women Wimbledon Tennis  Martina Navratilova defeated H. Mandlikova (7-6 6-3)
  • Men Wimbledon Tennis   Boris Becker defeated I. Lendl (6-4 6-3 7-5)
  • Kentucky Derby Horse Race Champion   Ferdinand
  • National College Athletic Association Basketball Championship  Louisville defeated Duke (SCORE 72-69)
  • National College Athletic Association Football Champions  Penn State (RECORD 12-0-0)
  • World Cup Soccer  Argentina defeated W. Germany
  • Barry Diller, head of News Corp., creates Fox, the fourth television network. Fox offers 10 hours of prime-time programming a week.
  • The Television Bureau of Advertising announces that the average American household watches television for more than seven hours a day.
  • The Oprah Winfrey Show hits national television.
  • The Academic American Encyclopedia is available on CD-ROM. It is the first reference work published in this medium.
  • Nintendo video games introduced in U.S.
  • Academy Award, Best Picture:  Out of Africa
  • Grammy Award - Record of the Year  We Are the World by USA for Africa
  • Emmy Award - Best Television Comedy  The Golden Girls - NBC
  • Miss America:   Susan Akin (Mississippi)
  • K. Alex Müller (Switzerland) and J. Georg Bednorz (Germany) discover superconductivity in a ceramic material at -397ºF, a higher temperature than ever before.
  • Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager make the first nonstop flight around the world without refueling. The Voyager flew around the world (24,986 miles) from Edwards AFB, California, returning in 216 hours, 3 minutes, and 44 seconds (Dec. 14–23).
  • The Voyager 2 probe passes Uranus in January, returning images and data on its moon, rings, atmosphere, interior, and magnetic field.
  • Halley's comet yields information on return visit (April 10)

 

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