Information for the Year 1989
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- Tens of thousands of Chinese students take over Beijing's Tiananmen Square in rally for democracy (April 19). More than one million in Beijing demonstrate for democracy; chaos spreads across nation (mid-May et seq.). Thousands killed in Tiananmen Square as Chinese leaders take hard line toward demonstrators (June 4)
- Mikhail S. Gorbachev named Soviet President (May 25).
- P. W. Botha quits as South Africa's President (Aug. 14).
- Deng Xiaoping resigns from China's leadership (Nov. 9).
- After 28 years, Berlin Wall is open to West (Nov. 11).
- US troops invade Panama, seeking capture of General Manuel Noriega (Dec. 20).
- Population: 5.190 billion
- Nobel Peace Prize: Dalai Lama (Tibet)
- George Herbert Walker Bush inaugurated as 41st US President (Jan. 20).
- Ruptured tanker Exxon Valdez sends 11 million gallons of crude oil into Alaska's Prince William Sound (March 24).
- US jury convicts Oliver North in Iran-Contra affair (May 4).
- Army Gen. Colin R. Powell is first black Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff (Aug. 9).
- A San Francisco Bay area earthquake measuring 7.1 in magnitude, killed 67 and injured over 3,000. Over 100,000 buildings damaged or destroyed. (Oct. 17)
- President: George Bush
- Vice President: J. Danforth Quayle
- Population: 246,819,230
- Life expectancy: 75.1 years
- US GDP (1998 dollars): $5,438.70 billion
- Federal spending: $1143.17 billion
- Federal debt: $2868.0 billion
- Median Household Income(current dollars): $28,906
- Consumer Price Index: 124
- Unemployment: 5.3%
- Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.25
- Super Bowl San Francisco 49ers defeated Cincinnati Bengals (SCORE 20-16)
- World Series of Baseball Oakland A's defeated San Francisco Giants
- National Basketball Association Championship Detroit Pistons defeat Los Angles Lakers
- National Hockey League Stanley Cup Calgary Flames defeated Montreal Canadiens
- Women Wimbledon Tennis Steffi Graf defeats Martina Navratilova(6-2 6-7 6-1)
- Men Wimbledon Tennis Boris Becker defeated Stefan Edberg (6-0 7-6 6-4)
- Kentucky Derby Horse Race Champion Sunday Silence
- National College Athletic Association Basketball Championship Michigan defeated Seton Hall (SCORE 80-79 in Over Time)
- National College Athletic Association Football Champions Miami-FL (RECORD 11-1-0)
- America's beloved comedienne Lucille Ball dies at age 87.
- Visionary Jaron Lanier coins the term virtual reality and produces the equipment to experience it.
- Academy Award, Best Picture: Rain Man
- Grammy Award - Record of the Year Don't Worry Be Happy by Bobby McFerrin
- Emmy Award - Best Television Comedy CHEERS - NBC
- Miss America: Gretchen Elizabeth Carlson (Minnesota)
- First World Wide Web server and browser developed by Tim Berners-Lee (England) while working at CERN.
- Peter Deutsch of McGill University who devlops Archie, an archive of FTP sites, the first effort to index the Internet.
- Another indexing system, WAIS (Wide Area Information Server), is developed by Brewster Kahle of Thinking Machines Corp.
- Voyager 2 speeds by Neptune after making startling discoveries about the planet and its moons (Aug. 29)
All of the Information on this site is from Fact Monster