Information for the Year 1994

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  • South Africa holds first interracial national election (April 29); Nelson Mandela elected President.
  • Israel signs accord with Palestinians (May 4), peace treaty with Jordan (Oct. 17).
  • IRA declares cease-fire in Northern Ireland (Aug. 31). Ulster Protestants declare cease-fire (Oct. 13).
  • US sends forces to Persian Gulf (Oct. 7).
  • Population:  5.602 billion
  • Nobel Peace Prize:  Yasir Arafat (Palestine), Shimon Peres, and Yitzhak Rabin (both Israel)
  • Olympic figure skater Nancy Kerrigan attacked (Jan. 6); three arrested in attack (Jan. 13).
  • Aldrich Ames, high C.I.A. official, charged with spying for Soviets (Feb. 22).
  • Four convicted in World Trade Center bombing (March 4).
  • O. J. Simpson arrested in killings of wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and friend, Ronald Goldman (June 18).
  • Major league baseball players strike (Aug. 13).
  • Newt Gingrich named House Speaker (Dec. 5).
  • President:  William J. Clinton
  • Vice President:  Albert Gore, Jr
  • Population:   260,289,237
  • Life expectancy:  75.7 years
  • US GDP (1998 dollars):   $6,947.00 billion
  • Federal spending:  $1460.84 billion
  • Federal debt:   $4643.7 billion
  • Median Household Income(current dollars): $32,264
  • Consumer Price Index:   148.2
  • Unemployment:  6.1%
  • Cost of a first-class stamp:  $0.29
  • Super Bowl  Dallas Cowboys defeated Buffalo Bills (SCORE 30-13)
  • World Series of Baseball  Not Held
  • National Basketball Association Championship  Houston defeated New York
  • National Hockey League Stanley Cup  New York Rangers defeated Vancouver Canucks
  • Women Wimbledon Tennis  Conchita Martinez defeated M. Navratilova (6-4 3-6 6-3)
  • Men Wimbledon Tennis   Pete Sampras defeated G. Ivanisevic (7-6 7-6 6-0)
  • Kentucky Derby Horse Race Champion   Go For Gin
  • National College Athletic Association Basketball Championship  Arkansas defeated Duke (SCORE 76-72)
  • National College Athletic Association Football Champions  Nebraska (RECORD 13-0-0)
  • World Cup Soccer  Brazil defeated Italy
  • 1994 Winter Olympics were held in Lillehammer, Norway
  • Ninety-five million viewers watch O. J. Simpson and Al Cowlings drive along Los Angeles freeways in history's most exciting low-speed chase.
  • Steven Spielberg wins his first directing Oscar for Schindler's List.
  • For the first time in history, chain bookstores outsell independent stores, signaling what many fear to be the death of smaller booksellers at the hands of superstores.
  • Tom Hanks wins his second consecutive Best Actor Oscar. He won in 1993 for his role in Philadelphia and in 1994 for Forrest Gump.
  • ER and Friends debut on NBC, establishing NBC's dominance of the Thursday-night lineup.
  • Academy Award, Best Picture:  Schindler's List
  • Grammy Award - Record of the Year   I Will Always Love You by Whitney Houston
  • Emmy Award - Best Television Comedy   Frasier - NBC
  • Miss America:  Kimberly Clarice Aiken (South Caroline)
  • White House launches Web page. Initial commerce sites are established and mass marketing campaigns are launched via email, introducing the term "spamming" to the Internet vocabulary
  • The FDA approves the Flavr Savr tomato, the first genetically-engineered food product.

 

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