Information for the Year 2001
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- Congo president Laurent Kabila assassinated by bodyguard (Jan. 16). Son Joseph Kabila takes over amid continuing civil war.
- Ariel Sharon wins election in Israel (Feb. 6). Right-wing leader chosen overwhelmingly as nation's fifth prime minister in just over five years during worst Israeli-Palestinian violence in years.
- U.S. spy plane and Chinese jet collide (April 2); Sino-American relations deteriorate during a standoff. The 24 crew members of the U.S. plane were detained for 11 days and released after the U.S. issued a formal statement of regret.
- Former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic is delivered to UN tribunal in The Hague to await war-crime trial (June 29).
- Without U.S., 178 nations reach agreement on climate accord, which rescues, though dilutes, 1997 Kyoto Protocol (July 23).
- In response to Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, U.S. and British forces launch bombing campaign on Taliban government and al-Qaeda terrorist camps in Afghanistan (Oct. 7). Bombings continue on a daily basis.
- Irish Republican Army announces that it has begun to dismantle its weapons arsenal, marking a dramatic leap forward in Northern Ireland peace process (Oct. 23).
- At a UN-sponsored summit in Bonn, Germany, Afghani factions meet to create a post-Taliban government (Nov. 27). Hamid Karzai is selected as head of the transitional government (Dec. 5).
- Taliban regime in Afghanistan collapses after two months of bombing by American warplanes and fighting by Northern Alliance ground troops (Dec. 9).
- Israel condemns the Palestinian Authority as a "terror-supporting entity" and severs ties with leader Yasir Arafat following mounting violence against Israelis (Dec. 3). The Israeli Army begins bombing Palestinian areas.
- Population: 6.16 billion
- Nobel Peace Prize: United Nations and Kofi Annan (West Africa)
- In final days of presidency, Bill Clinton issues controversial pardons, including one for Marc Rich, billionaire fugitive financier (Jan. 20).
- George W. Bush is sworn in as 43rd president (Jan. 20).
- U.S. submarine Greeneville sinks Japanese fishing boat, killing 9 (Feb. 9).
- FBI agent Robert Hanssen is charged with spying for Russia for 15 years (Feb. 20).
Four are declared guilty in 1998 terrorist bombings of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania (May 29).
- Balance of the Senate shifts after Jim Jeffords of Vermont changes his party affiliation from Republican to Independent. The move strips Republicans of control of the Senate and gives Democrats the narrowest of majorities (50-49-1)
- Bush signs new tax-cut law, the largest in 20 years (June 7).
- Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh executed (June 11).
- Budget surplus dwindles. The Congressional Budget Office attributes this rapid change in the nation's fortunes to the slowing economy and the Bush tax cut (Aug. 22).
- Terrorists attack United States. Hijackers ram jetliners into twin towers of New York City's World Trade Center and the Pentagon. A fourth hijacked plane crashes 80 mi outside of Pittsburgh (Sept. 11). Toll of dead and injured in thousands. Within days, Islamic militant Osama bin Laden and the al-Qaeda terrorist network are identified as the parties behind the attacks.
- Anthrax scare rivets nation, as anthrax-laced letters are sent to various media and government officials. Several postal workers die after handling the letters (throughout October).
- President: George W. Bush
- Vice President: Richard Cheney
- Population: 281.4 million
- Life expectancy: 77.2 years
- US GDP (2007 dollars): $10,021.5 billion
- Federal spending: $1,864 billion
- Federal debt: $5,807 billion
- Median Household Income(current dollars): $58,208
- Consumer Price Index: 177.1
- Unemployment: 4.8 %
- Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.34
- Super Bowl Baltimore Ravens defeated. New York Giants (SCORE 34-7)
- World Series of Baseball Arizona defeated New York Yankees
- National Basketball Association Championship Los Angeles Lakers defeated Philadelphia
- National Hockey League Stanley Cup Colorado Avalanche defeated New Jersey Devils
- Women Wimbledon Tennis Venus Williams defeated Justine Henin (6-1 3-6 6-0)
- Men Wimbledon Tennis Goran Ivanisevic defeated Patrick Rafter (6-3 3-6 6-3 2-6 9-7)
- Kentucky Derby Horse Race Champion Monarchos
- National College Athletic Association Basketball Championship Duke defeated Arizona (SCORE 82-72)
- National College Athletic Association Football Champions Miami (FL)(RECORD 12-0-0)
- Tina Wesson, a 40-year-old nurse from Tennessee, becomes the second Survivor to win the grand prize of $1 million. She edges out fellow southerner Colby Donaldson. Nearly 34 million viewers tune in to the two-hour live event (May 3).
- After two postponements in the wake of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, the Emmy Awards are finally presented.
- Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone opens (Nov. 16) in 8,200 theaters nationwide, about one-quarter of all those available. Lukewarm reviews didn't discourage audiences; the film took in an unprecedented $93.5 million on its opening weekend.
- Academy Award, Best Picture: Gladiator
- Grammy Award - Record of the Year Beautiful Day by U2
- Emmy Award - Best Television Comedy Late Show With David Letterman - CBS
- Miss America: Angela Perez Baraquio, Honolulu, Hawaii
- New class of cancer drug announced. Researchers at San Francisco conference report new drug, Gleevec, shows promise in treating patients who do not respond to chemotherapy (May 13).
- Report by National Academy of Sciences announces that global warming is on the rise. Leading scientists reaffirm mainstream view that human activity is largely responsible (June 6).
- Artificial heart implanted in man. Surgeons in Louisville, Ky., report success of first operation for self-contained organ (July 3).
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