Information for the Year 2002
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- Former Yugoslav leader Slobodan Milosevic’s trial on charges of crimes against humanity opens at The Hague (Feb. 12).
- India's worst Hindu-Muslim violence in a decade rocked the state of Gujarat after a Muslim mob fire-bombed a train, killing Hindu activists. Hindus retaliated, and more than 1,000 died in the bloodshed (Feb. 27)
- U.S. and Afghan troops launch Operation Anaconda against remaining al-Qaeda and Taliban fighters in Afghanistan (March 2).
- Israeli tanks and warplanes attack West Bank towns of Nablus, Jenin, Bethlehem, and others in response to string of Palestinian suicide attacks (March 29–April 21). In the first three months of 2002, 14 suicide bombers kill dozens of Israeli civilians, and wounded hundreds.
- International Criminal Court wins UN ratification; U.S. refuses to ratify (April 11).
- Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez ousted in coup, then reinstated (April 12, 14).
- U.S. and Russia reach landmark arms agreement to cut both countries' nuclear arsenals by up to two-thirds over the next 10 years (May 13).
- East Timor becomes a new nation (May 20).
- Government suspended in Northern Ireland in protest of suspected IRA spy ring (Oct. 14).
- North Korea admits to developing nuclear arms in defiance of treaty (Oct. 16)
- UN Security Council passes unanimous resolution calling on Iraq to disarm or else face "serious consequences." (Nov. 8).
- UN arms inspectors return to Iraq (Nov. 18).
- Population: 6.24 billion
- Nobel Peace Prize: Jimmy Carter (United States)
- President Bush's first State of the Union address vows to expand the fight on terrorism and labels Iran, Iraq, and North Korea "an axis of evil" (Jan. 29).
- Kenneth L. Lay, chairman of bankrupt energy trader Enron, resigns; company under federal investigation for hiding debt and misrepresenting earnings (Jan. 24).
- U.S. withdraws from International Court treaty (May 6).
- U.S. abandons 31-year-old Antiballistic Missile treaty (June 13).
- Bush announces change in Middle East policy: U.S. will not recognize an independent Palestinian state until Yasir Arafat is replaced (June 24).
- Bush signs corporate reform bill (July 30) in response to a spate of corporate scandals: Enron, Arthur Andersen, Tyco, Qwest, Global Crossing, ImClone, and Adelphia, among others, were convicted or placed under federal investigation for various misadventures in fraud and crooked accounting.
- Pennsylvania miners rescued after spending 77 hours in a dark, flooded mine shaft (July 28).
- Bush addresses United Nations, calling for a "regime change" in Iraq (Sept. 12).
- Republicans retake the Senate in midterm elections; gain additional House seats (Nov. 5).
- Bush signs legislation creating cabinet-level Department of Homeland Security (Nov. 25).
- President: George W. Bush
- Vice President: Richard Cheney
- Population: 290 million
- Life expectancy: 77.3 years
- US GDP (2001 dollars): $10,333.3 billion
- Federal spending: $2,011 billion
- Federal debt: $6,228 billion
- Median Household Income(current dollars): $61,254
- Consumer Price Index: 179.9
- Unemployment: 5.8 %
- Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.37
- Super Bowl New England Patriots defeated St. Louis Rams(SCORE 20-17)
- World Series of Baseball Anaheim defeated San Francisco Giants
- National Basketball Association Championship Los Angeles Lakers defeated New Jersey
- National Hockey League Stanley Cup Detroit Red Wings defeated Carolina Panthers
- Women Wimbledon Tennis Serena Williams defeated Venus Williams (7-6 [7-4] 6-3)
- Men Wimbledon Tennis Lleyton Hewitt defeated David Nalbandian (6-1 6-3 6-2)
- Kentucky Derby Horse Race Champion War Emblem
- National College Athletic Association Basketball Championship Maryland defeated Indiana (SCORE 64-52)
- National College Athletic Association Football Champions Ohio State (RECORD 14-0-0)
- World Cup Soccer Brazil defeated Germany
- The 2002 Winter Olympics were held in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
- Black actors won top Oscars. Denzel Washington and Halle Berry honored for Training Day and Monster's Ball, respectively (March 24).
- The movie Spider-Man was the year's box-office blockbuster, grossing more than $406 million. In all, Americans spent $9.3 billion on about 1.6 billion movie tickets in 2002—a 10% increase over 2001 figures (Dec. 31).
- Academy Award, Best Picture: A Beautiful Mind
- Grammy Award - Record of the Year Walk On by U2
- Emmy Award - Best Television Comedy Friends - NBC
- Miss America: Katie Harman, Gresham, Oregon
- Early skull is discovered in Chad. French scientists report in the journal Nature that they have unearthed a 7-million-year-old member of the human family, Sahelanthropus tchadensis, who has been nicknamed "Toumai." Fossil combines human and chimpanzee characteristics (July 11).
- Scientists report a new type of black hole. Hubble Space Telescope finds evidence of a middleweight class of gravitational sink, adding to earlier identified small and super classifications (Sept. 17).
- Scientists compare mouse and human genomes. The first analysis of two complete genomes reveals striking similarities. Scientists hope finding will hasten understanding of genetic diseases. (Dec. 5).
All of the Information on this site is from Fact Monster